|Nilanjana samabhasam raviputram yamagrajam
chaya martanda sambhutam tam namami shaishcharam
|"I bow to Lord Shani, who is black in color, who is the son of Sun, who is
elder brother of Yama, who is born to Shadow & moves very slowly."
Saturn’s Seven and a Half Year (7.5 years) Cycle also known as Sade Sati is one of the toughest periods in the life of a person. Shani Shanti Yagna is suggestible to lessen suffering caused by Saturn. Shani or Saturn is the most dreaded God after Yama, the god of death. He is a malicious deity and is most feared by Hindus. The superstitions associated with Shani make him a fearsome deity who causes all kinds of havoc in the lives of innocent people. It is said that a person born under the influence of Saturn suffers from various problems like poverty, tension, insult, displeasure and his family too suffers along with him.
When Saturn is transiting through the 12th, 1st, and 2nd house from the natal moon, this is termed Sade-Sati. “Sade-Sati” literally means 7 ½ years, which means that Saturn naturally takes 2 ½ years in its transit from one house to another house. This transit is considered particularly important in Vedic Astrology because this transit is supposed to indicate difficult results either to the native or the native’s close relatives.
One sure remedy for Shani's evil effect is worshipping Lord Hanuman & performing Shani Sade Sati Shanti Puja. Scriptures say that when Shani warned Lord Hanuman about the onset of his seven-and-half year long influence (Sade Sati), Lord Hanuman accepted the challenge and allowed Saturn to have his play. When the planet dwelled on Lord Hanuman's head, Hanuman loaded heavy rocks on his head so viciously that the planet was almost crushed. Shani faced similar agony when he tried to dwell on Hanuman's body. Finally, the planet had to bow before Hanuman. Shani then declared that anyone who worshipped Lord Hanuman would not be affected by the evil effect of the planet.
A person who is going through Saturn’s Seven and a Half Year Cycle; one of the toughest periods in the life of a person.