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Charaka includes sesame among the pulses. It was the only oil-seed used in the Vedic era by the Aryans, and a lump of sesame was found at Harappa. It is sweet, bitter, astringent and hot, and exerts a sweet effect after digestion. Being oily and heavy, it promotes pitta and kapha while it relieves vata. It is especially good as a tonic for the skin and hair. The seeds, which have been used to produce abortion, can be crushed and made into a poultice for ulcers, and the black seeds are rejuvenators for hair and bones. Sesame oil is used as the base for most Ayurvedic medicated oils.

Ayurveda Life Health and Longevity by Robert E. Svoboda - Penguin Books.