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The real aim of all spiritual practitioners is to seek freedom from suffering, pain and fear. This is true of all religious teachings. The Vedas state that the unanimous verdict of all human beings is that they suffer in the material world. People experience suffering in all levels of daily activity. Depending on a person's level of tolerance and patience he/she experiences varying degrees of pain and suffering. But the presence of suffering in our daily existence is undeniable. Thus we tend to blame suffering as the biggest offender that renders our quest for happiness futile. The mind tells us if we rid our lives of pain and suffering we can be happy ever after. With this conviction we strive towards a life sans pain, sorrow and suffering. The Sage Patanjali however unequivocally declares that simply by eradicating pain and suffering the ultimate objective is not achieved. The soul's real need is divine, endless bliss.

Thus, realisation of the divine self admits the yogi into a state of supreme bliss in the state of Samadhi. Not to forget that inchoate bliss experience is already felt in the earlier stages of yoga practice. For someone who is only interested in health and physical benefits through yoga is actually in the end trying to escape the pain and suffering brought on by diseases and bad health. Besides, merely physical well-being cannot free one from fear and anxiety. Thus yoga also has as its ultimate aim a healthy mind in a healthy body. The initial steps in practicing yoga stress on character building, without which spiritual growth is stunted. Simultaneously, other factors like right knowledge, right thought, right action, right speech etc. are also to be practiced. Right knowledge and thoughts are for self improvement, whereas, right speech and action are for conducting ourselves in society. The Vedic culture aims at grooming a person through proper samskara and knowledge to develop into a good citizen of the universe. So that she/he will always be free from envy and hate and become everyone’s well-wishing benefactor. A Yogi is never self-centered, but is compassionate towards all living beings.

Since the mind dictates our thoughts and emotions, a closer look at this phenomenon is indeed imperative. Besides, yoga aims on bridling the mind. Before undertaking such a challenging task the first intelligent action to perform would be to properly acquaint ourselves with the character and nature of our opponent. The manas, the mind is expert at multitasking. The Gita states, the mind has commonly three functions, thinking, wishing and feeling. The mind's urge is to always gravitate towards the sense objects of exploitation and enjoyment. The bodies with its sensory organs are totally handicapped without the mind.
The senses are our only means to experience the external world, - time, space and circumstances. Each sensory organ has very limited capacity for experiencing the variety in nature. The eyes cannot see everything and absolutely not smell or hear etc. The mind assimilates all the information received through the different organs and forwards relevant information to the buddhi, intelligence – the seat of discrimination, for additional analysis and decision making. Thus the mind has two further functions, samkalpa, means sorting out information, ideas and thoughts and arranging them into a coherent concept, and vikalpa, or rejecting and blocking irrelevant thoughts and ideas.
However, in our present conditioned state, without yoga the mind functions independently, minus our intervention or impetus, which is our main problem with the mind. The mind instead of being 'my mind’ has become one with me,’ I am mind'. Just as my body or anything belonging to me is obedient to my wishes and not vice versa. Hence I am not the body or I'm not the objects I possess. The problem with 'I am my mind' is that I have no authority over it, since I and my mind are not separate entities, and I as an individual have no independent identity from it, I cannot exercise authority over it. No other power can bridle my mind; I alone with determination will have to do it. Thus yoga through regular habit-creating practice aims at establishing this healthy hierarchy by empowering me, or my real ego, as the master of my mind.