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Unverified knowledge is based on speculation, it does not convey the true nature of objects and situation, and is not substantiated by any of the above three testimonials. Verbal delusion or fantasy is when one's words are incongruous and not related to reality. Even in sleep the mind is active without us being able to direct its thoughts, more in the role of a passive witness. In dream state we see rather than hear, but when remembering it later we need to formulate the dream in words. In the state of deep dreamless sleep the mind is all through active by not allowing other waves. This state maybe compared to the experience of neutrality, where neither painful nor pleasurable waves are remembered or even taken into cognition. However, this must not be confused with trance, since in trance the mind experiences overwhelming spiritual emotions. Memory is a sign of intelligence. Remembering anything once experienced and perceived, and the ability to call back to memory at will is symptomatic of a highly trained mind. Understanding these notions of what is knowledge is indeed a pre-requisite to grasp philosophical concepts which form the corner stones of the knowledge system of yoga.

As we can observe that knowledge is the key to unlock the mysteries of life and creation. The three testimonials chosen by Sage Patanjali allow us to distinguish between reality and falsehood both in the realm of the mundane and supra-mundane. To put it simply, real knowledge is to grasp the threesome relationship between, the Creator, or the Supreme Controlling Principle, His multifarious energies, and me. The Supreme Godhead is the source on one hand of all the living entities, i.e. including me, on the other, this universe, which is a transformation of His energy. This relationship is hence eternal, but due to being born under the influence of illusion and duality we have forgotten our true identities and this relationship. Real knowledge eradicates the darkness of ignorance and enlightens us with realisation of our true identity as spiritual souls, and of this relationship.

Ignorance shrouds the mind and incapacitates clear perception. Therefore it is not surprising that we are willing to deny our constitutional nature of immortality and with it our eternal relationship with the Creator. Even an untrained, normal mind possesses the capacity to assimilate knowledge. Training the mind means to expand the horizon of mental perception and aptitude. Thereby increasing memory and acquiring the acumen to access the immense source of stored knowledge in the subconscious. This saves valuable time and energy, by not having to acquire afresh information that was already there. These slumbering information need only to be integrated into life situations resulting in their proper maturing, and thus enriching our life with realised knowledge. Therefore, only right knowledge can make all the difference between an enlightened mind and a underdeveloped mind. The Vedas declare that knowledge received in the tutelage of a great preceptor leads to eternal emancipation of the soul's incarceration in duality and temporal time, whereas ignorance holds us timelessly captive in a dark dungeon lurking with anxiety, pain, fear, suffering and death.

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Cyberastro
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