Benefits of Virechana
1) Allows the body to eliminate pitta and blood disorders
2) Improve skin condition, rejuvenate the tissues, abdominal organs
3) Enhances immunity
Basti is a type of medicated enema. As per the Ayurveda physiology large intestine is the normal site of vata dosha and hence medication administered at this site helps to eliminate vitiated vata dosha out of the body. The term Basti literally means a ‘sac’ or a ‘pouch’. The liquid used for Basti is either herbal decoction based (also known as niruha) or oil based also called as (Anuvasana / Snehana / Matra / Taila). An enema bag is used to administer various herbal decoctions into the intestine.
Basti serves to cleanse or lubricate the system and alleviate dryness caused by excess vata. Vitiated vata moves to the intestines and is gently. Depending upon the content of the enema Basti are of two types, Niruha (Having decoction based) and Anuvasana (oil based). Niruha or decoction based Basti are administered with herbal decoction honey, salt, oil. The quantity of the mixture could be from 500 to 900 cc depending upon the age, disease and condition of the patient. Such enemas are given empty stomach preferably in morning. All types are Basti are given in left lateral position of patient.
Now the Basti contents of such Basti are retained for about 45 minutes in the body and after that are allowed to come out with fecal matter and excess pitta, kapha. After niruha Basti patient is advised rest, if hungry should be given nutritive grain soup. Sesame oil is generally used for Anuvasana Basti in a quantity of 50 to 100 cc, such Basti are to be administered after meals, generally the oil is absorbed slowly through the intestines.
Indication of Basti Treatment
1) Pain in abdomen, chest, pelvic, hemiplegia, Facial paralysis
2) Arthritis, nervous disorder
3) Amenorrhea, infertility
5) Sexual debility or low body weight
6) Skin disease, Asthma
Contraindications for Basti Treatment
1) Several hemorrhoids
2) Low digestive fire
4) Excessive Anaemia
6) Obstruction or perforation of intestines
7) Vomiting, Diarrhea